In the Tver region north of Moscow where people of diverse nationalities have traditionally lived together, thousands of Soviet and Polish citizens were killed by the Soviet Secret Police, known by its Russian acronym NKVD, in mass executions between 1937-38 and then in 1940. The Polish citizens executed in the Tver region were almost all military officers and therefore were viewed as a threat to national security by the Soviet authorities.
Founded in 1996 following an agreement between Russia and Poland and opened to the public in 2000, this Memorial Complex is a place for historic memory, sorrow and critical reflection on the tragic events of the past.
The mission of Mednoe Memorial Complex is to preserve the site as a place to commemorate thousands of Polish and Russian people who fell victim to the political repression during the period of totalitarianism, while also creating a museum on the premises in order to preserve the memory and events of the massacre for future generations. Mednoe Memorial Complex confronts the most terrifying events in Russian history, and aims to become a cultural and historical center in the region.Home »